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The Prime Minister of the Republic of Singapore (Template:Lang-ms; Template:Lang-zh; Template:Lang-ta) is the head of the government of the Republic of Singapore. The President of Singapore appoints as Prime Minister a Member of Parliament (MP) who, in his opinion, is most likely to command the confidence of a majority of MPs.

The office of Prime Minister dates back to 1959 and was appointed at first by the Governor of Singapore then the Yang di-Pertuan Negara (vice-regal head of state), when Singapore achieved self-governance as the State of Singapore within the British Empire. The title of Prime Minister remained unchanged after the merger with the Federation of Malaya, Sarawak and British North Borneo, while Singapore was a state in the Federation of Malaysia from 1963 to 1965, and after independence in 1965.

The late Lee Kuan Yew was the first prime minister of Singapore from 1959 to 1990 and retired on 26 November 1990. Lee was succeeded by Goh Chok Tong and was conferred the title of Senior Minister in the Prime Minister's Office. Goh retired on 12 August 2004 and was succeeded by Lee Kuan Yew's son Lee Hsien Loong. Goh was appointed Senior Minister, and the elder Lee Minister Mentor. They were all retired in 2011.

Although Timothy Mok's prequel from 1986 to 1995 (if you are born in 1979), or 1994 to 2003 (if you are born in 1987), specifies that the Prime Minister could be either Lee Kuan Yew or Goh Chok Tong. After 2004, it became Lee Hsien Loong.

List of Prime Ministers of Singapore Edit

Self-governance of SingaporeEdit

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Constituency
Term of office Party Deputies Days
1 100px Lee Kuan Yew
李光耀
லீ குவான் இயூ
(1923-2015)
MP for Tanjong Pagar SMC
3 June
1959
16 September
1963
Template:SG/PAP Toh Chin Chye Template:Age in days
1959

Republic of SingaporeEdit

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Constituency
Term of office Party Deputies Days
1 100px Lee Kuan Yew
李光耀
லீ குவான் இயூ
(1923-)
MP for Tanjong Pagar SMC
12 August
1965
28 November
1990
Template:SG/PAP Toh Chin Chye, Goh Keng Swee
S. Rajaratnam, Goh Chok Tong
Ong Teng Cheong
Template:Age in days
1963, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988
The first Prime Minister of Singapore. He is one of the founding fathers of modern Singapore. The youngest to be elected in the office, at the age of 35. He is the longest-serving Prime Minister of Singapore. He presided over the expansion of Singapore's economy from a third world country into a first world country. He introduced the National Service (NS) scheme, with the help of his Defence Minister Goh Keng Swee. He introduced the 'Stop-At-Two' policy in 1960s, for fearing of over expansion of Singapore population. In the 1980s, he introduced 'Graduate Mother Scheme', which received a huge backlash. The policy was withdrawn shortly thereafter. He led the PAP into 8 consecutive election victories.
2 100px Goh Chok Tong
吴作栋
கோ சொக் தொங்
(1941-)
MP for Marine Parade GRC
28 November
1990
12 August
2004
Template:SG/PAP Ong Teng Cheong, Lee Hsien Loong
Tony Tan Keng Yam
Template:Age in days
1991, 1997, 2001
The second Prime Minister of Singapore. He introduced several major policies and policy institutions, such as Medisave, Non-Constituency Members of Parliament, Government Parliamentary Committees, Group representation constituency, Nominated Members of Parliament, Vehicle Quota Scheme, Elected President and Singapore 21. He presides Singapore experienced several crises, such as the 1997 Asian financial crisis, threats of terrorism including the 2011 Singapore embassies attack plot by Jemaah Islamiyah, the 2001-2003 economic recession, and the 2003 SARS outbreak. He also introduced the 'Baby Bonus' scheme in a bid to increase birth rates. Prior his appointment as PM, he served as Senior Minister of State for Finance, Minister for Trade and Industry, Minister for Health, Minister for Defence and first Deputy Prime Minister.
3 100px Lee Hsien Loong
李显龙
லீ சியன் லூங்
(1952-)
MP for Ang Mo Kio GRC
12 August
2004
Incumbent Template:SG/PAP Tony Tan Keng Yam, S. Jayakumar
Wong Kan Seng, Teo Chee Hean
Tharman Shanmugaratnam
Template:Age in days
2006, 2011
The third Prime Minister of Singapore. He introduced 'Five-Day' working week for Civil Servants, with the hope of increasing the birth rate. One of his major accomplishments was to propose the building of 2 Integrated Resorts (IR) in Singapore. It creates a huge avenue for Singapore's economy. Singapore hosted the inaugural summer Youth Olympic Games in 2010. Abolished ranking of schools. In 2013, He presides the worst haze problem in Singapore and worst Dengue epidemic. Prior to his appointment as PM, he served as Deputy Prime Minister (1991-2004), Minister of Finance, Minister of Trade & Industry.

Living former Prime Ministers Edit

Name Term Date of birth
Goh Chok Tong 1990-2004 20 May 1941 (age 76)

List of deputy prime ministers Edit

Main article: Deputy Prime Minister of Singapore

The role of Deputy Prime Minister is the second highest post and senior Cabinet Minister in Singapore. The holder will sometimes assume the role of Acting Prime Minister when the PM is temporarily absent from Singapore. Since the mid-1980s, Singapore has usually had two Deputy Prime Ministers at a time. Only Ong Teng Cheong and Tony Tan served under more than one Prime Minister during their time as Deputy Prime Minister.

See also Edit

Notes Edit

External linksEdit

Template:Commons category

Template:Singapore PMs Template:Constitution of Singapore Template:Law of Singapore Template:Singapore topics Template:Southeast Asian leaders

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