Hougang is an urban planning area and a suburb in north-eastern Singapore. Under classification by the Urban Redevelopment Authority, the area is part of the North-East Region, an urban planning division. Hougang borders Sengkang to the north and Serangoon to the south. Development started around the 1980s. Most of Hougang is residential and encompasses the main Housing and Development Board's housing estate of Hougang New Town.
Etymology and historyEdit
Hougang is the pinyin version of Aū-káng, a Hokkien and Teochew name meaning "river end". In the past, the name connoted the area stretching from the fifth milestone junction of Yio Chu Kang Road and Sengkang Road to the seventh milestone confluence of Upper Serangoon Road and Tampines Road. Above Error: The name Hougang stems from the Hokkien and Teochew word Au-Kang, which refers to the ‘river end’, as Hougang is located upstream or at the back of Sungei Serangoon. Many Singaporean Chinese residents in the town speak the Teochew dialect as many were formerly from a Teochew community at Kampong Punggol before being relocated to Hougang. This trend however undergoes constant shifts, with new residents moving in from other parts of Singapore. There was also a fishing port.
The area was once a large piece of Deserted land. Farming of pigs was also carried out by farmers. The last of these pig farmers were relocated by the late-1990s to flats built in Hougang. Today, it is an HDB new town with over 40,000 housing units interspersed with pockets of private residential areas.
At Hougang Street 21, there was a well that is still identified as the tua jia ka well structure. This well identified the Teochew village of tua jia ka which means the "foot of a big well". In the past, the village was a popular place for food, street wayangs, itinerant Chinese medicine men and story tellers spinning yarns.
Hougang has been developed since 1977 with the invention of Tampines Way. Further development has been made for the development of new neighbourhoods in Neighbourhood 1 - 3 by 1983, Neighbourhood 4 - 7 by 1992. Neighbourhood 8 is the city centre of the Hougang, completed in 1994. Neighbourhood 9 has been in the recent and has been completed by 2000.
Hougang is regarded as part of the "heartland" of Singapore, a significant distance away from the Central Area. Most of its commercial activity is centred on a few shopping malls such as Hougang Mall, Kang Kar Mall, Heartland Mall and Hougang 1.
Hougang 1 is a shopping mall in Hougang. Tenants include BBQ Chicken, FairPrice Xtra, Fujifilm, Gong Cha, Hockhua Tonic, Japan Home, KFC, Kopitiam, Ministry of Cube, Starbucks, Sakae Sushi, Schon Collection and Sunday 2000. It had travellators.</span>
Hougang Mall (Chinese: 后港购物坊), previously known as NTUC Hougang Mall, is a suburban shopping mall located in Hougang, Singapore. It is located near Hougang Central Bus Interchange, as well as Hougang.
In 2006, the mall underwent renovation, which transformed part of the 2nd level of the mall, formerly occupied by NTUC FairPrice, into a food cluster. The mall previously had renovation works on the 5th level. Before renovations, a food court stood on the 5th floor. Now, a playground (on the roof which offers a good view of the surrounding HDB flats), a Timezone arcade, and some other shops are on the 5th floor while the food court was shifted to level 4 to the area which previously housed the NTUC Club. Tenants do include Cheng San Community Library, Harvey Norman, NTUC FairPrice, Popular Bookstore and Cotton On.
Heartland Mall (Chinese: 心邻坊) is a shopping mall in Singapore. A generally small shopping mall in area in comparison with other malls, it serves the neighbourhood of Kovan. It consists of four floors, with the fourth level serving only tuition centres. It is located at block 205 Hougang Street 21, just next to Kovan MRT station. The place where it is called Kovan City (Chinese: 高文城) which used to be the Hougang Town Centre, but the town centre was moved to Hougang Central when some neighbourhoods sprung up further north.
Notable shops in Heartland Mall includes Popular, Old Chang Kee, Prima Deli, KFC, Pizza Hut, Watson's and Sushi Express. The majority of the floor area on the first floor is occupied by Cold Storage, a local supermarket chain.
Similar to most other residential towns in Singapore, Hougang was designed to be a partially self-sufficient with enough amenities to minimize the number of residents commuting to the Central Area. Facilities include a sports stadium where the S.League plays (homeground of Hougang United), an aquatics centre, an indoor sports complex, a number of parks such as Punggol Park, along with many wet markets and hawker centres. One of the more prominent landmarks in Hougang is the Buangkok Green Medical Park, which houses several medical facilities including the Institute of Mental Health (IMH) and Singapore Leprosy Relief Association (SILRA). Hougang is served by two MRT stations: Hougang MRT Station which is located beside the bus interchange and Hougang Mall; and Kovan MRT Station which is beside Heartland Mall. Residents in Buangkok bordering Sengkang have the option of using Buangkok MRT Station as well.
The Hougang Central Bus Interchange serves Hougang Town with a range of bus services going to other parts of the island. It is located in Hougang Central, near Hougang Mall and it has an underground link to Hougang MRT Station. This bus interchange was officially opened on 17 February 1995 by former cabinet minister Goh Chee Wee, who was then Senior Minister of State for Communications, Trade and Industry to serve all buses around the Hougang Area. Its sister bus interchange, Hougang South Bus Interchange (that is near to Kovan MRT station) ceased operations in 2004 and was converted to Kovan Hub.
Two even older bus terminals operated in Hougang before the construction of the Hougang Central and Hougang South Bus Interchanges. One was at the end of Upper Serangoon Road in Kangkar Village, which was replaced by Hougang Central, while the other was at the sixth and a half milestone of Upper Serangoon Road, which was replaced by Hougang South.
Defu is an industrial estate in the northeast region of Singapore, located at the fringe of Hougang New Town. East of Defu is the Paya Lebar Air Base which will be cleared by 2026. Defu estate is famous for its chilli crab at Seafood Paradise Pte Ltd. Furthermore, Aluminum and furniture making factories are also located in this light industrial estate. Defu is to be transformed from the slum of industrial estates into big industrial estate soon.
A distinctive feature of Hougang lies in the large semi-circular balconies which occur in many Housing Development Board public housing flats in the area. This feature is not as prevalent in public housing outside Hougang.
The political representation of Hougang was split into four different constituencies as of the 2015 elections, three of which were Group Representation Constituencies (GRC) (Aljunied, Ang Mo Kio, and Marine Parade), and one Single Member Constituency (SMC) bearing the same name, the Hougang Single Member Constituency. Currently, Aljunied and Hougang wards were managed by the opposition Workers' Party (WP), while Ang Mo Kio and Marine Parade were managed by the ruling People's Action Party (PAP). Previously, Hougang were administered by five now-defunct wards (Jalan Kayu, Paya Lebar, Punggol, Serangoon Gardens and Upper Serangoon), before it redistricted into GRCs, notably Cheng San GRC (also defunct since 2001).
The area covering Hougang Avenues 2, 5, 7 and a small portion of Hougang Central, were under the namesake Hougang SMC, where it was carved out from Punggol ward ahead of the 1988 elections. The first Member Of Parliament (MP) of the ward was PAP's Tang Guan Seng, until it had been captured by former WP secretary-general Low Thia Khiang, in 1991. Low left the ward to contest (and later elect himself in) Aljunied GRC ahead of the 2011 elections, and was replaced by Yaw Shin Leong, a candidate whose part of the WP team contested Ang Mo Kio GRC in the 2006 elections. Yaw remained as an MP until his expulsion from the party's CDC and his resignation of the seat in February 2012 over an extramarital affair. Png Eng Huat, a candidate whose part of the WP team contested East Coast GRC in the 2011 elections, had since represented this ward after winning his by-election on May 2012.
The area covering south of Hougang Avenues 6, 8, 10, as well as Punggol Park, Defu Industrial Park and Kovan, were under both Paya Lebar and Bedok Reservoir-Punggol divisions of Aljunied GRC. The GRC was previously managed by the PAP which members include Cynthia Phua and former Foreign Minister George Yeo, until it was taken over by WP's Chen Show Mao and Low Thia Khiang, respectively, in the 2011 elections, with the takeover marked the first time an opposition party had been elected in a GRC since it was established in 1988. The GRC was not contested in 2001 with the WP being disqualified due to incomplete applications, but in the 2006 elections, the WP were able to pose a strong challenge for this ward, with the members consist of WP's chairwoman Sylvia Lim and former member James Gomez.
The north-western portions of Hougang (Avenues 4, 8 and 9, and Street 91), which included Hougang Stadium and Regentville Condo, were under the Ang Mo Kio-Hougang division of Ang Mo Kio GRC. Its MP is Darryl David, who replaces former MP Yeo Guat Kwang after the 2015 elections. Prior to the 2011 elections, the ward was a part of Aljunied GRC (under the name of Aljunied-Hougang), where Yeo was then the MP.
The northern portions of Hougang (north of Avenues 6, 8 and Street 51) were under the Sengkang South division, also part of the Ang Mo Kio GRC, where Gan Thiam Poh was the MP. It was previously belong to Pasir Ris-Punggol GRC (under the name of Punggol South) until it was carved out in 2015.
The western portions of Hougang, previously being Serangoon Gardens division, belonged to the Jalan Kayu (Ang Mo Kio) and Serangoon (Aljunied) divisions, which were represented by Intan Azura Mokhtar and Sylvia Lim, respectively. The area was previously belong to the short-lived Thomson GRC in 1991.
The southernmost portion of Hougang, Tai Seng, was under the Geylang Serai division of the Marine Parade GRC, where Fatimah Lateef represented the ward. Marine Parade was also contested by WP during the 2015 elections.
Many of the Singaporean Chinese residents in Hougang speak the Teochew dialect, because they were originally from Kampong Ponggol, a predominantly Teochew community, before they were relocated to Hougang as Singapore began developing. However, this is becoming less of a trend as the newer residents come from all over the island.
- Montfort Secondary School
- Paya Lebar Methodist Girls' School (Secondary)
Bowen Secondary SchoolEdit
Bowen Secondary School (BWSS) is a government school in Hougang, Singapore. Bowen Secondary School started in 1982 in the town of Ang Mo Kio. On 4 December 1999 Bowen moved to new premises along Lorong Napiri. In year 2000, the school became a single session school with 1374 pupils and a Secondary One intake. Saw Yan Naung had decided to enter to this school.
Holy Innocents High SchoolEdit
Holy Innocents' High School (Abbreviation: HIHS; Simplified Chinese:圣婴中学, Traditional Chinese: 聖嬰中學, pinyin: Shèngyīng Zhōngxué) is one of the earliest Catholic schools in Singapore. Founded in 1892 as a boys' school, the Chinese mission school has grown and expanded over the years and continues to provide secondary school education leading up to a Singaporean GCE 'O' Level certification, in both express and normal(academic) streams. The normal (technical) stream students will only take the GCE 'N' levels. Every year during Thanksgiving Day, the students and teachers attend thanksgiving mass and award ceremonies in the hall.
The co-educational high school has received major facelifts in 1994 and 2004 in order to upgrade its old colonial style buildings and facilities.
Today, Holy Innocents' High School stands on an elevated ground in Hougang Central, surrounded by HDB flats and the shopping centre named Hougang Mall.
Hougang Secondary SchoolEdit
Hougang Secondary School (abbreviation: HS; Simplified Chinese: 后港中学) is a Co-educational secondary school located in Hougang, in the northern part of Singapore. Hougang Secondary School started functioning on 2 January 2001 at 58 Lowland Road. It was relocated to its permanent site at 2 Hougang Street 93 on 20 December 2001. The school's motto is ‘Make the Difference'. Our current alumni is Shiying Shynn.
Serangoon Junior CollegeEdit
Serangoon Junior College (SRJC) is a junior college in Singapore, offering a two-year course for pre-university students leading up to GCE 'A' Level examinations. Established in March 1988 as the 14th Junior College in Singapore, Serangoon Junior College set up its temporary premises in Hougang. With a pioneering staff strength of 45 teachers, lessons for the first batch of 673 students commenced in April of the same year. In December 1990, the College relocated to its present campus at Upper Serangoon Road. It was officially declared open on 29 May 1992 by Mr. Lee Yock Suan, the then Minister for Education and Member of Parliament for Cheng San GRC. Adeline Lau had studied in Serangoon Junior College from 2013 to 2015, after Chongzheng Primary School and Pasir Ris Secondary School, and the stint had went into the Singapore University of Technology and Design in 2016.
Serangoon Secondary SchoolEdit
Serangoon Secondary School is a government secondary school in Hougang, Singapore. The school was established in 1928. In 2001, the secondary school was moved to its present location at 11 Upper Serangoon View. Serangoon Secondary School became a night school for only sometime before it pulled out in 2012.
Xinmin Secondary SchoolEdit
Xinmin Secondary School (abbreviation: XMS) is an autonomous secondary school in Hougang, Singapore. It offers classes taught in English, Chinese, Malay and Tamil.
The school was founded as Sin Min School in 1945. Secondary school classes began in 1956. As of Dec 2002, the Principal was Low-Sim Ay Nar. In September 2005, the school won the School Excellence Award, the first neighbourhood school to win the award. In December 2006, Liew Wei Li became principal. In December 2010, Ong Hong Peng took over from Liew Wei Li as principal of Xinmin Secondary School. Additionally, only Tan Pei Ting Stella had studied in Xinmin Secondary School from 2009 to 2012 after Tampines Primary School.
Yuying Secondary SchoolEdit
Yuying Secondary was founded by the Hainanese Community in 1910 as a Chinese medium high school. It is one of the oldest school in Singapore. Initially, it was known as Yock Eng School. In 1947, it was renamed to Yock Eng High School (Template:Zh). Finally, in 1985, its name is changed to Yuying Secondary. In 1941, the school moved to a new campus at 65 Tanjong Katong Road. The two-storey building was given conservation status by Urban Redevelopment Authority on 8 April 2005.
The government planned to acquire the land of which the school stand at Tanjong Katong Road. In order to relocate the school, the new school building was being in Hougang New Town at the cost of approximately $10 million. The government would share 50% of the cost. In 1984, the board of management of Yock Eng High School faced the dilemma of raising the remaining $5 million. If it could not raise sufficient funds, the board would have to turn over the management of the school to the Education Ministry and the school would be converted to a government school.
On 9 December 1985, the school was relocated to her present premises at 47 Hougang Avenue 1. The school was renamed Yuying Secondary School and was officially opened on 13 August 1987.
- CHIJ Our Lady of the Nativity (formerly known as CHIJ Punggol)
- Holy Innocents' Primary School
- Hougang Primary School
- Montfort Junior School
- Paya Lebar Methodist Girls' School (Primary)
- Punggol Primary School
- Xinghua Primary School
- Xinmin Primary School
- Yio Chu Kang Primary School
The Minton is a condominium. It will be completed in February 2014, replacing Minton Rise. In addition, Midtown is a condominium and shopping mall, and is similar to Rubi Midtown wedge. It was completed in January 2017.
Boathouse Residences is a condominium where Koh Lin and Nico Eckart stays from August 2015 all the way to March 2019, when she moved out from Boathouse Residences to Dhoby Ghaut area.
37 Jalan Lepas is a house, which is home to the Alex Chiau and their children, which is 2-storey house. They had however moved to Merawoods in January 2015, out of which Timothy Mok had only gone in November 2011, December 2011 and Christmas 2013 (28 December 2013). Together, Alex Chiau had called LCH Logistics & Movers for shifting of the house, which has been completed in 2017 towards Yishun Block 504C.
Parkland Residences is a DBSS flat in Hougang, Singapore. It is also proposed to be Koh Jin and Jamaine Ying's house, so far the renovation is incomplete as of 2017.
Heron Bay is a new condominium in Hougang East. Construction will start in mid-2012 and complete in 2016.
- Victor R Savage, Brenda S A Yeoh (2003), Toponymics - A Study of Singapore Street Names, Eastern Universities Press, ISBN 981-210-205-1