The COVID-19 pandemic in the People's Republic of China is an outbreak of the novel respiratory disease COVID-19. The respiratory disease first appeared at the end of December 2019 in the city of Wuhan in the Chinese province of Hubei. From there, it first spread to China and developed into a pandemic worldwide, the COVID-19 pandemic.
The first person to fall sick is on 1 December 2019, and was hospitalised in Jinyintan Hospital. Although the patient had not had any exposure to Huanan Seafood Market, a wholesale market selling seafood and living animals, an outbreak of the virus began to happen among people who had been exposed to the market since 10 December. The outbreak was not noticed until a Wuhan doctor found a cluster of unknown pneumonia and notified her hospital on 27 December. Another Wuhan hospital had already sent a sample with the virus to Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center (Shanghai PHC) on 26 December. The sample was later confirmed to contain a new virus.
The outbreak was made known in January 2020. WHO was informed of the outbreak in China, which is similar to the 2009 flu pandemic at Mexico of the origin in March. Chinese New Year celebrations were cancelled following the announcement. A quarantine began in 23 January 2020 stopping travel similar to Berlin Wall. Essential transport services were all closed. Only vehicles which are transporting critical supplies or emergency vehicles are allowed to move within the city. Local authorities in other Chinese cities have not imposed a lockdown similar to Hubei province. To ease the residents' panic, the Hangzhou city government stressed that the city would not be locked down from the outside world, and both cities said that they would introduce precautions against potential risks.
Travel restrictions were enacted and other public transportation systems in China - such as Huanggang, Ezhou, Huangshi, Jingzhou, Yichang, Xiaogan, Jingmen, Suizhou, Xianning, Qianjiang, Xiantao, Shiyan, Tianmen and Enshi are placed under lockdown and suspension of traffic. Tangshan suspends public transit on 27 January 2020.
On 2 February 2020, the city of Wenzhou have implemented a partial lockdown, closing several highway entrances. Two more cities at Zhejiang also restricted the movement of residents. They only allowed one household to leave the house every two days. Huanggang and Hubei also implement the restrictions whereby only one is allowed to go every two days, except for medical reasons or work at shops and pharmacies. Quarantine measures in Wuhan were eased slightly, with non-residents allowed to leave the city under certain conditions. The order was revoked hours later as it was made without authorisation from the government. Several officials behind the order were reprimanded as a result.
However, transport manufacturers CRRC, Yutong, BYD and Zhongtong had suspended production from 1 February 2020 for the CR151 as well as CT251 trains, and affected train manufacturer tie-ups such as for Bombardier Transportation, they were given the option to move to Derby Litchurch Works (CR151) whereas Kawasaki Heavy Industries have given the option to move to Kobe. On 13 February 2020, the Chinese government ordered to shut down the non-essential companies including manufacturing plants until 20 February 2020.
In response to the significant surge of demand for flight tickets from South Korea to Shandong cities, Qingdao will now quarantine all persons entering with a travel history of areas with the epidemic, and Weihai will now quarantine all persons entering from Japan and South Korea for 14 days.
Cases will begin to drop in March 2020 at China. The increase reversed three straight days of declines, and was driven by a rise in new infections in Wuhan, the city where the virus is believed to have emerged in a seafood market late last year. Almost all regions outside Hubei, had managed to halt new infections. Other cities in Hubei will continue to halt with the last to halt is Wuhan. The Xinjia Express Hotel in Quanzhou was collapsed on 7 March 2020, whereas two days later; makeshift hospitals were closed and reverted back. Wuhan Metro will reopen operations on 28 March 2020 progressively while all travel restrictions will be removed by 8 April 2020. The last of Wuhan reopened on 22 April 2020.
From mid-April, cases in Heilongjiang Province increased. There are fears that a second wave of the virus will spread. On the Chinese side, it is assumed that entries from Russia have spread the virus. Additionally, another case was also re-infected at Wuhan on May 10.
The city of Shulan in the province of Jilin in northeast China was quarantined on May 11, 2020, because of three new cases of infection. On May 13, 2020, the city of Jilin (city) in Jilin Province was quarantined after 21 cases of infection became known. Train connections were suspended and cinemas and gyms had to close. Anyone leaving Jilin needs a negative corona test and must quarantine at the new location.
Cinemas and entertainment venues will also be reopened on 8 May 2020 with limited visitor numbers, but did not give a specific time frame. Cultural venues can also hold "necessary conferences and exhibitions", while hotels, restaurants, shopping malls and supermarkets can be fully opened, the instructions said. Reopened venues must wear masks and follow social distancing.
China's cinemas were closed from January to prevent the spread of COVID-19. Shanghai Disneyland has announced it will be reopened on 11 May, while much of the rest of the world is still enforcing confinement measures, China has been resuming work, reopening schools and lifting restrictions on movement after the pandemic was largely put under control.
Also, on 13 June 2020, Beijing is partially locked down due to the fresh coronavirus cluster in the Xinfadi meat market. Nine schools and kindergartens were closed.
The first confirmed case is on 22 January 2020. Hong Kong declared a state of emergency since January 25, and it will close schools until February 17 and largest parks until further notice. This was extended until 1 March 2020 due to further development of the epidemic. Countries also planned to evacuate residents from Wuhan all the way to homes. Hong Kong intended to cut off the major transportation routes, particularly rail and ferry traffic, to and from mainland China on January 30, 2020, this was achieved with the high-speed rail and ferry services. Air traffic should be reduced and private travel permits (Frontier Closed Area) should no longer be issued for the time being. On February 5, it was announced that immigrants from mainland China would be quarantined for 14 days; people living in Hong Kong who are returning from a trip to China. Hong Kong extends the public holiday until 2 March 2020. Hong Kong also further shut down most of the border crossings with the exception of Hong Kong International Airport and Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge on 3 February 2020. The first death was confirmed a day later, with the second death on 24 February 2020 and third death on 8 March 2020.
Hong Kong arranged four chartered flights to evacuate 533 Hong Kong residents stuck in Hubei province on 3 March 2020 and at the same time, it was confirmed that a pet dog had tested positive for the virus confirming that human-to-animal transmission might be possible.
Hong Kong has reported 65 new cases on March 27, and brings up to 518. 41 had recently came back from abroad, and banned gatherings of more than 4 people, and restaurants to operate half the capacity and set out tables minimum 1.5m apart. The ban on public gatherings includes both indoor and outdoor venues. Game centres, gyms, cinemas and other places of amusement and public entertainment are also required to close for two weeks starting from Saturday.
"We have to use stringent measures to prohibit, reduce or even impede public gathering activities,". The restrictions would hit the entertainment and leisure industries, Lam said, adding that the government has pledged financial support to affected employees. Further details will be announced later.
- 28 March 2020: Amusement game centres, bathhouses, places of amusement, fitness corners and premises for social gatherings must be closed.
- 29 March 2020: Gatherings of more than four people in public place were not allowed.
- 1-2 April 2020: Karaoke lounges, mahjong, nightclubs must be closed, beauty parlours and massage establishments must step up epidemic control measures.
- 3 April 2020: All bars must be closed.
- 10 April 2020: Beauty parlours and massage establishments must be closed.
- 24 April 2020: Extension of social distancing measures to 7 May 2020.
Hong Kong has also lifted the social distancing measures by 5 May 2020, after reporting no new cases.
Hong Kong Disneyland will be reopening on 18 June 2020. The majority of the park's shopping and dining operations will restart with controlled capacity and other social distancing measures are implemented in queues, restaurants and other locations. Hotel services will also progressively reopen. Disinfection will be carried out more frequently and hand sanitisers will be made available for visitors, who will be required to go through temperature screening and wear a face mask. A health declaration is also required for reservation process. Ocean Park will also progressively reopen.
|26 January 2020||R33 and R42 are suspended in response to temporary closure of Disneyland.|
|27 January 2020||629 is suspended in response to temporary closure of Ocean Park; whereas 107, 170, 171 and 973 are not serving Ocean Park.|
|29 January 2020||Chinese University of Hong Kong was closed, bus services were suspended.|
|30 January 2020||W1, W2 and W3 were suspended in response to temporary closure of West Kowloon Station. Cross-border coaches were suspended.|
|1 February 2020||23B, 81A, 81S, 82S, 91A, 93, 93A, 702A, 702S, 19P, 40P, 73P, 85A, 85P, 90C, 93C and 95P were suspended in response to class suspension by Education Bureau. Also, KMB 3M, 5C, 13M, 14D, 17, 23, 28S, 34, 43D, 82B, 86S, 87P, 91P, 93M, 214P, 241X, 261P, 288A, 288B, 288C and 296M were suspended.|
|3 February 2020||B1 were suspended in response to closure of Lok Ma Chau Control Point.|
|5 February 2020||101R, 102R and 8S were suspended for the Happy Valley Racecourse. 5R was suspended with the temporary closure of Kai Tak Cruise Terminal.|
|6 February 2020||B3, B3A and B3M were suspended in response to cross-border closure.|
|12 February 2020||101R, 102R and 8S were suspended for the Happy Valley Racecourse.|
|28 March 2020||A17, A23 and NA12 were suspended due to the reduction of passenger demand to the airport.|
|30 March 2020||31P, 205M, 264R and 271S were suspended.|
|6 April 2020||N41X was suspended.|
|26 May 2020||241X, 261P, 271S and N41X resumes operations.|
|14 July 2020||Closure of Hong Kong Disneyland. R8 will operate with special timetable, 629 will be suspended due to closure of Ocean Park and 107, 170, 171 and 973 are not serving Ocean Park.|
|15 July 2020||Government enacted Prevention and Control of Diseases (Wearing Masks) Regulations, and any person who is above 2 years old of age are required to wear masks, if not it will be punished by $5,000 fine.|
|20 July 2020||271S and N41X is suspended until 26 July 2020.|
|2 August 2020||314 is suspended until 16 August 2020.|
Hong Kong residents are not allowed to gather more than two, while dining in will be banned for one week from 27 July 2020.
Macau had reported first confirmed case on 22 February 2020 and there are only 30 cases.
In 20 February 2020, Macau's casinos were opened after 15 days of closure. All patrons and service staff must wear masks to reduce the spread, similar to Resorts World Genting and all casinos in Singapore and Las Vegas.
Taiwan had confirmed the first case on 21 January, as there are flights to Wuhan. The first domestic case is on 28 January and the first death is on 16 February 2020.