Ang Mo Kio (宏茂桥) is a new town located in Singapore. Notable features of the neighbourhood include hawker centres, wet markets and HDB housing blocks. Singapore's Prime Minister, Lee Hsien Loong is the Member of Parliament for this constituency. As an urban planning division, the Ang Mo Kio Planning Area lies within this region.
The name of the locality is synonymous with phrases in the Hokkien dialect which either relates it as the "Red Tomato", or the "Bridge of the Caucasian". The Caucasian suggested could be a British Lady called Lady Jennifer Windsor. Lady Windsor was the wife of Lord Windsor, a wealthy merchant who had a huge estate in the Upper Thomson Area in the 1920s until after World War II. Ang Mo Kio could also have been named in reference to Mr John Turnbull Thomson, a British civil engineer and artist who played an instrumental role in the development of the early infrastructure of late 19th century Singapore and New Zealand. Old survey maps relate the area as the "Mukim of Ang Mo Kio" (Mukim meaning "area" or "precinct" in Malay).
Lady Jennifer WindsorEdit
Lady Windsor was linked to an unnamed crossing that bridged a stream running off the Peirce Reservoir. It suggested where the name "Ang Mo Kio" might have originated. An incident happened in 1923 when Lady Windsor lost 3 of her children; Harry, Paul and Angela. The 3 children were supposed to have visited a family friend staying in the Upper Thomson area, and were lost in the woods. It was later found that the 2 boys were playing by the wooden crossing when a sudden gush swept them away. Their bodies were found about 2 miles from the bridge. However, the body of Angela was never found.
It was said that locals started hearing cries of a little girl and that prompted Lady Windsor to stay by the bridge for the rest of her life. She told her close friends that she had heard her daughter voices by the bridge and she wanted to accompany her soul. Lady Windsor would spend the whole day by the bridge, reading or knitting. People soon got used to her perpetual presence by the bridge that they soon referred to the bridge as the “Red Hair Bridge”; which in its right sense should have been called “Lady Windsor Bridge”.
Lady Windsor died in 1963 and it was only thereafter that locals no longer hear the voices of the little girl. Today, one could still see the disused bridge near the intersection of Ang Mo Kio Avenue 1 and Upper Thomson Road.
John Turnbull ThomsonEdit
John Turnbull Thomson(1821–1884) was responsible for building a bridge during the colonial days of Singapore, to facilitate logistic transportation to the nearby British military bases at Seletar until the British military withdrawal in 1970s. After the bridge was completed, the locals often referred to it as Ang Mo Kio or "Caucasian Bridge" or "Red Hair Bridge", since it was built by a Caucasian; John Turnbull Thomson had a distinctive red-coloured hair. Nowadays, "Ang Mo" is a popular term to refer to Caucasians in Singapore.
The name "Thomson" was also used extensively in the naming of several roads in and around Ang Mo Kio. This above version of explanation is currently being listed at the Heritage Corridor in Deyi Secondary School located in Ang Mo Kio. The explanation is also more widely accepted by the local historians and listed in the National Library Board. The bridge, however, has no longer existed. It was, according to local historians, located at the junction of Ang Mo Kio Avenue 1 and Upper Thomson Road. Little of the bridge built by Thomson remain.
Ang Mo Kio Planning Area is officially divided into 12 subzones for urban planning and statistical purposes.
|Name of estates||Location||Notable structures||Accessibility|
|Ang Mo Kio Town Centre||Areas around Ang Mo Kio Central 1, Ang Mo Kio Central 2 and Ang Mo Kio Central 3||Ang Mo Kio Public Library, Ang Mo Kio Bus Interchange and AMK Hub||Ang Mo Kio MRT Station and buses|
|Cheng San||Estates along Ang Mo Kio Street 51, Ang Mo Kio Street 52, Ang Mo Kio Street 53 and Ang Mo Kio Street 54||Ang Mo Kio MRT Station, Ang Mo Kio Town Garden East and Anderson Secondary School||Ang Mo Kio MRT Station and buses|
|Chong Boon||Southeast Ang Mo Kio||Chong Boon Secondary School, Deyi Secondary School and Pathlight School||Buses|
|Kebun Baru||Precincts west of Ang Mo Kio Town Centre||Ang Mo Kio Town Garden West, Kebun Baru Community Club, Kebun Baru Neighbourhood Police Post, CHIJ Saint Nicholas Girls' School and the future Mayflower MRT Station||Buses|
|Sembawang Hills||Estates along Sembawang Hills Drive and Thomson Hills Drive||Sembawang Hills Food Centre||Buses|
|Shangri-La||Southwest Ang Mo Kio||Mayflower Secondary School, Ang Mo Kio Primary School, Ang Mo Kio Secondary School and Ang Mo Kio Community Centre||Buses|
|Tagore||Northwest Ang Mo Kio||Teacher's Estate, Tagore Industrial Estate and the future Lentor MRT Station||Buses|
|Townsville||Areas around Ang Mo Kio Street 31 and Ang Mo Kio Street 32||Ang Mo Kio Swimming Complex, Teck Ghee Neighbourhood Police Post and Townsville Primary School||Buses|
|Yio Chu Kang||Areas north of Ang Mo Kio Town Centre||Yio Chu Kang MRT Station, Yio Chu Kang Bus Interchange, Yio Chu Kang Stadium, Yio Chu Kang Swimming Complex, Ang Mo Kio Police Division Headquarters, Ang Mo Kio North Neighbourhood Police Post, Ang Mo Kio Fire Station, Ang Mo Kio Bus Depot (SBS Transit) and Anderson Junior College||Yio Chu Kang MRT Station and buses|
|Yio Chu Kang East||Northeast Ang Mo Kio||Nanyang Polytechnic, ITE College Central and Amoy Quee Camp||Buses|
|Yio Chu Kang North||Areas bounded by Seletar Expressway, Central Expressway, Yio Chu Kang Road and Lentor Avenue||Sungei Seletar Simpang Kiri||Buses|
|Yio Chu Kang West||Areas bounded by Ang Mo Kio Avenue 5, Ang Mo Kio Avenue 6 and Yio Chu Kang Road||Anderson Primary School, Presbyterian High School and Yio Chu Kang Secondary School||Yio Chu Kang MRT Station and buses|
Teck Ghee is a precinct located at Ang Mo Kio, Singapore. It has precincts of Neighbourhood 3 and part of Neighbourhood 4. The Member of Parliament for this constituency is Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong.
Cheng San is part of Ang Mo Kio Group Representation Constituency. The division is named Cheng San-Seletar from the 2011 elections onwards and the MP is Ang Hin Kee and Jaslyn Toh. Jaslyn Toh is a student in Tampines Secondary School from 2010 to 2013, and she had went to Temasek Polytechnic from 2014 to 2017, she also stayed in Ang Mo Kio Block 538 during the meantime. Cheng San was formerly under the SMC of the same name, and the hotly contested GRC of the same name, dissolved in the 2001 elections. The division also bounds Seletar as well.
The present-day Ang Mo Kio area remained largely uninhabited throughout the 19th century. Settlers were attracted to the area only around the start of the 20th century, as a result of the rubber boom. In the old maps of Singapore, much of the area was labelled as the Ang Mo Kio Forest Reserve with many plantation estates.
The village that sprang up with the clearing of the land took on the name "Ang Mo Kio". The immigrant Chinese, mostly Hokkiens were engaged in rubber-planting and tapping. Cheng San Village where Ang Mo Kio New Town now stands was once a huge rubber plantation. The 1922 to 1932 world slump in rubber prices made many tappers and labourers turn to pig and poultry farming or market gardening. During World War II when Singapore was occupied, more people moved to Ang Mo Kio to take up farming.
The development of the present Ang Mo Kio Town began in 1973, and was the seventh New town to be built in Singapore. The early stage of construction took place by the Housing and Development Board under the Ministry of National Development, completed in 1980. The present Template:Convert self-contained town centre was built over an elongated valley formerly occupied by squatters. It has commercial offices, cultural and community facilities serving at least 200,000 residents.Template:Citation needed
The design of the town won the Singapore Institute of Architects (SIA) Outstanding Buildings Award in 1983. The swimming complex at Avenue 1 also won the 1986 SIA Architectural Award for its unique "tetrahedral skylight" design. It was the first town to be designed in metric measurements.Template:Citation needed
Administrative, legal, medical, religious, and social services catering towards the general public may also be found all over the Ang Mo Kio area, with a major community hospital Ang Mo Kio Thye Hua Kwan Hospital that offers rehabilitative care. Recreational amenities include the Ang Mo Kio Park located on a hilly area surrounded by Avenues 4, 5, and 6 and alongside Mayflower estate, and also Bishan Park along Ang Mo Kio Avenue 1 which is frequented by people from both Ang Mo Kio and Bishan estates.
Several shopping malls are also found in Ang Mo Kio Central:
Jubilee Square (formerly Jubilee Entertainment Centre) (Chinese 银禧娱乐中心) is an entertainment centre at the Ang Mo Kio Town Centre. It houses a four-hall cineplex managed by Eng Wah Organization. It ceased operation since November 2010 with Toa Payoh Entertainment Centre for more mixed tenants.
Djitsun Mall is a shopping mall in Ang Mo Kio, Singapore, owned by M40 Lines Limited. It had tuition centres, restaurants and Fitness First. There is also another shopping mall, called "51 @ AMK", commonly known to the McDonald's and karaoke, including fitness restaurants.
Ang Mo Kio Community LibraryEdit
Ang Mo Kio Community Library (Simplified Chinese: 宏茂桥社区图书馆) is one of the 19 community libraries established by the National Library Board of Singapore. Located along Ang Mo Kio Avenue 6 within walking distance of both Ang Mo Kio and Yio Chu Kang MRT Stations, it serves the residents of the surrounding Ang Mo Kio GRC. As a standalone two-storey building, the library is a prominent landmark in central Ang Mo Kio.
Ang Mo Kio Community Library was officially opened on 17 August 1985 by Yeo Toon Chia, then-Member of Parliament for Ang Mo Kio GRC, and was opened to the public on 19 August. The library was closed in March 2002 for upgrading, and was officially reopened on 5 January 2003 by Vivian Balakrishnan, Minister of State for National Development.
Centro Residences is a private condo. It was completed in 2013.
The town's road system utilises a hierarchy of road sizes by design: the major roads are referred to as "Avenues", and the local-access roads referred to as "Streets". The town's avenues are arranged in a grid-like pattern, with the streets filtering traffic from the avenues to the individual blocks. The town itself is served by the Central Expressway, providing a rapid link from the town to the rest of the island on the expressway network.
The town's road numbering system has the avenues in odd numbers generally running in an east-west direction originating from the south, while the even numbers run in a north-south direction counting from the west. Hence, Ang Mo Kio Avenue 1 runs along the south edge of the town to Ang Mo Kio Avenue 9 in the north, while Ang Mo Kio Avenue 2 runs in a north-south direction to the west of the town, while Ang Mo Kio Avenue 10 is located in the east. Street numberings are in two digits, with the first number corresponding to the neighbourhood it belongs to, while the second digit runs in numerical sequence.
Ang Mo Kio New Town was the first town to introduce this road numbering system, and it has since been replicated in other towns such as Hougang New Town, Jurong West New Town and Woodlands New Town. The newer towns such as Sengkang New Town and Punggol New Town no longer follows this system, however.
Ang Mo Kio Avenue 5 is a major road that goes from Buangkok Green all the way to Yio Chu Kang Road. It passes the Ang Mo Kio Neighbourhood 6 and Anderson Junior College. Notable is that it also passes through Nanyang Polytechnic and ITE College Central as well.
Ang Mo Kio Avenue 8 is a major road in Singapore. It goes from Ang Mo Kio Avenue 6 and terminates at Ang Mo Kio Avenue 1. It passes through the stretch of MRT from Yio Chu Kang to Ang Mo Kio. The road was opened on July 29, 1979. It passes through AMK Hub, Djitsun Mall and Nanyang Polytechnic, together with Jubilee.
The town is well served by a multi-modal public transport system. Two Mass Rapid Transit stations serve the town, with Ang Mo Kio MRT Station at the centre of town, and Yio Chu Kang MRT Station serving the town's northern area. The Ang Mo Kio Bus Interchange is directly linked to the Ang Mo Kio MRT Station via an underground pedestrian walkway, and provides feeder bus services from the MRT stations to each neighbourhood. Yio Chu Kang MRT Station is also served by bus services via the Yio Chu Kang Bus Terminal sited beside the station. Both the bus interchange and terminal offers trunk bus services to connect the town with the rest of the island, including a rapid connection to the city centre in the Central Area, as well as other financial and commercial districts in the central region of Singapore, including Shenton Way, Orchard Road, Marina Centre and Marine Parade.
51 @ AMKEdit
51@AMK is a shopping mall in Ang Mo Kio; which is formerly Big Mac Centre.
- AMK Family Clinic
- UOB Bank
Several preschools can be found in Ang Mo Kio including the Al-Muttaqin Mosque Kindergarten, childcare centres operated by NTUC, and also kindergartens managed under the PAP Community Foundation. Two special schools may also be found: Chaoyang School (APSN) which caters for children with mild intellectual disability aged 7–12 years old, and Pathlight School with two campuses in Ang Mo Kio with a focus on autism.
Mainstream Ministry of Education educational institutions based in Ang Mo Kio are as below:
- Anderson Primary School
- Ang Mo Kio Primary School
- CHIJ Saint Nicholas Girl's School
- Da Qiao Primary School
- Jing Shan Primary School
- Mayflower Primary School
- Teck Ghee Primary School
- Townsville Primary School
- Anderson Secondary School
- Ang Mo Kio Secondary School
- CHIJ Saint Nicholas Girls' School
- Chong Boon Secondary School
- Deyi Secondary School
- Mayflower Secondary School
- Presbyterian High School
- Yio Chu Kang Secondary School
- ITE College Central
- Anderson Junior College
- Nanyang Polytechnic
The jurisdiction of the area has been largely handled by Ang Mo Kio Town Council which oversees Ang Mo Kio Group Representation Constituency since 1991, although other constituencies (most notably Cheng San Group Representation Constituency from 1988 until 2001) have also handled parts of Ang Mo Kio with every quadrennial general election. Currently, one other constituency has assumed control over part of Ang Mo Kio, Nee Soon Group Representation Constituency. The current Prime Minister of Singapore, Lee Hsien Loong, is a member of Ang Mo Kio Town Council and the constituency of the same name.
Ang Mo Kio SMCEdit
Ang Mo Kio Single Member Constituency (Traditional Chinese: 宏茂橋單選區;Simplified Chinese: 宏茂桥单选区) is a defunct single member constituency in Ang Mo Kio, Singapore that was formed in 1976 and continues throughout until 1991 where the Ang Mo Kio town was relatively developed which forms the present day of Ang Mo Kio Group Representation Constituency.
It was carved from Nee Soon constituency in 1976. It is part of the MP - Yeo Toon Chia.